Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 12 - Unit 1: Life stories ( Những câu chuyện cuộc sống)

Tổng hợp Tiếng Anh lớp 12 - Unit 1: Life stories ( Những câu chuyện cuộc sống) đầy đủ và chi tiết nhé. Mỗi từ vựng đều có phiên âm, ví dụ và bài tập luyện tập nhé. Chúng ta bắt tay vào bài học cùng ieltscap2cap3.com nhé

Từ vựng chủ đề Life stories
Từ vựng Phiên âm Nghĩa
Noun    
innovation /ɪnəˈveɪʃn/ Sự đổi mới
achievement /əˈtʃiːvmənt/ Thành tựu
willingness /ˈwɪlɪŋnəs/ Sự sẵn lòng
mission /ˈmɪʃn/ Sứ mệnh
dedication /dedɪˈkeɪʃn/ Sự cống hiến
tragedy /ˈtrædʒədi/ bi kịch
hardship /ˈhɑːdʃɪp/ Sự gian nan
ambition /æmˈbɪʃn/ Tham vọng
scholar /ˈskɒlə(r)/ Học giả
commitment /kəˈmɪtmənt/ Sự cam kết
creativity /kriːeɪˈtɪvəti/ Sự sáng tạo
resistance /rɪˈzɪstəns/ Sự chống lại
example /ɪɡˈzɑːmpl/ Tấm gương để học tập
generosity /dʒenəˈrɒsəti/ Sự hào phóng
hero /ˈhɪərəʊ/ Người anh hùng
misfortune /mɪsˈfɔːtʃuːn/ Sự bất hạnh
period /ˈpɪəriəd/ Giai đoạn
reputation /repjuˈteɪʃn/ Uy tín
strategist /ˈstrætədʒɪst/ Chiến lược gia
tension   Sự căng thẳng
Verbs
decide /dɪˈsaɪd/ Quyết định
stimulate /ˈstɪmjuleɪt/ Kích thích
request /rɪˈkwest/ Yêu cầu
influence ˈɪnfluəns/ ảnh hưởng
slander /ˈslɑːndə(r)/ Vu khống
defend /dɪˈfend/ Bảo vệ
admire /ədˈmaɪə(r)/ Ngưỡng mộ
inspire /ɪnˈspaɪə(r)/ Truyền cảm hứng
regard (as) /rɪˈɡɑːd/ Coi như
criticize /ˈkrɪtɪsaɪz/ Chỉ trích
defeat /dɪˈfiːt/ Đánh bại
devote (to) /dɪˈvəʊt/ Cống hiến
Adjectives
talented /ˈtæləntɪd/ Tài năng
gifted /ˈɡɪftɪd/ Có năng khiếu
acceptable /əkˈseptəbl/ Chấp nhận được
remarkable /rɪˈmɑːkəbl/ Đáng chú ý
distinguished /dɪˈstɪŋɡwɪʃt/ Nổi tiếng
influential /ɪnfluˈenʃl/ Có ảnh hưởng
determined /dɪˈtɜːmɪnd/ Quyết tâm
prominent /ˈprɒmɪnənt/ Nổi bật
dominant /ˈdɒmɪnənt/ Chiếm ưu thế
extraordinary /ɪkˈstrɔːdnri/ Phi thường
musical instrument /ˈmjuːzɪkl ˈɪnstrəmənt/ Nhạc cụ
Mediterranean Sea /medɪtəˈreɪniən siː/ Biển Địa Trung Hải
annual event /ˈænjuəl ɪˈvent/ Sự kiện thường niên
private life /ˈpraɪvət laɪf/ Đời sống riêng tư
have impact on /həv ˈɪmpækt ɒn/ Tác động tới
well-paid job /wel ˈpeɪd dʒɒb/ Công việc được trả lương cao
traffic congestion /ˈtræfɪk kənˈdʒestʃən/ Tắc nghẽn giao thông
take advantage of /teɪk ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ əv/ Tận dụng
historical figure /hɪˈstɒrɪkl ˈfɪɡə(r)/ Nhân vật lịch sử
moral standard /ˈmɒrəl /ˈstændəd/ Chuẩn về đạo đức

Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

  1. A. innovation B. hero C. commitment D. congestion
  2. A. archery B. achievement C. scholar D. cheating
  3. A. resistance B. dedication C. reputation D. request 
  4. A. willingness B. standard C. dominant D. annual
  5. A. generosity B. strategist C. tragedy D. disagree
  6. A. ambition B. slander C. acceptable D. traffic
  7. A. decision B. tension C. revision D. provision
  8. A. stimulate B. cucumber C. mutual D. instrument
  9. A. influenced B. contributed C. impacted D. regarded
  10. A. figures B. discoveries C. advantages D. worries

Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

  1. A. talented B. instrument C. principle D. essential
  2. A. generous B. ensure C. intelligent D. historical
  3. A. prominent B. dedicated C. remarkable D. willing
  4. A. request B. hardship C. defend D. produce
  5. A. acceptable B. defeat C. advantage D. private
  6. A. strategy B. examine C. devotion D. commitment
  7. A. secretary B. challenge C. engineer D. dominant
  8. A. mission B. ambition C. influence D. question
  9. A. creative B. industry C. geology D. financial
  10. A. investment B. misfortune C. development D. dedication

Ex III: Odd one out 

  1. A. distinguished B. timeline C. prominent D. devoted
  2. A. defeat B. private C. national D. economic 
  3. A. destroy B. conserve C. precede D. influential
  4. A. standard B. method C. neutral D. period
  5. A. extraordinary B. geography C. identity D. priority
  6. A. stimulate B. recommend C. determined D. combine
  7. A. distinguished B. valuable C. gifted D. talented
  8. A. advance B. innovation C. adaptation D. outdated
  9. A. moral B. physical C. intellectual D. harmful
  10. A. transfer B. inspiration C. criticize D. preserve

Ex IV: Choose the best answer

1. Watching his video clips …………………..my creativity and innovation while his music inspires me to learn to play a musical instrument.

A. encourages

B. stimulates

C. makes

D. reminds

2. It is absolutely amazing to watch this talented chef use the kitchen tools and …………..delicious dishes.

A. prepare

B. perform

C. display

D. wash

3. This doctor who had a successful career in medicine had ………….all his life to the poor and sick people.

A. given

B. lived

C. brought

D. devoted

4. Hardship is something that has been …………………..by hard work, ability or effort.

A.done

B. taken

C. obtained

D. received

5. After graduating from a famous university, my sister got a well …………….job in a non-governmental organization.

A. paid

B. offered

C. promoted

D. applied

6. Farmers in this region take …………..of the available natural resources to grow crops successfully.

A. benefit

B. strength

C. advantage

D. use

7. Alex has got …………in many community projects when he first moved to this area last summer.

A. participated

B. involved

C. interested

D. excited

8. She is now working for a …………..organization that helps people with disabilities in the Northern region of the country.

A. charity

B. rescue

C. donation

D. charitable 

9. Hard-working and talented students should also be given greater opportunities to …………..their skills and strengths.

A. develop

B. create

C. inspire

D. stimulate

10. The boy was …………….up in a poor family in a remote area. However, he has tried his best to overcome hardships.

A. grown

B. taught

C. brought

D. educated 

Ex V: Match the words with their meanings

1.creativity

 

a. more important, powerful or easy to notice than other things

2. remarkable

 

b. something that you want to do or achieve very much

3. dominant

 

c. to protect somebody or something from attack

4. influential

 

d. a situation that is difficult or unpleasant because you do not have enough money, food, clothes,….

5. standard

 

e. the use of skill and imagination to produce something new or produce art

6. ambition

 

f. to give somebody the desire, confidence, enthusiasm to do something well

7. hardship

 

g. a level of quality, especially one that people think is acceptable

8. stimulate

 

h. unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice 

9. defend

 

i.to make something develop or become more active 

10. inspire

 

j. having a lot of influence on somebody or something

 

Ex VII: Match the verbs in column A with those in column B

A

 

B

1.play

 

a. the patients’ pain

2.use 

 

b. a program

3.hold

 

c. a balance

4.relieve 

 

d. a lot of people’s lives

5.launch

 

e. some musical instruments

6. save 

 

f. hardships

7.make 

 

g. annual events

8.keep 

 

h. great success

9.overcome 

 

i. all the kitchen tools

10.achieve

 

j. judgements

Ex VIII: Circle the best word

  1. Reading a person’s life story critically means doing/making judgements while reading it. 
  2. He told his own life story to encourage other people to try/give something new and challenging.
  3. Her brother graduated/completed secondary education and passed a difficult entrance exam to a famous university but he was unable to pay the tuition fees.
  4. My uncle did odd jobs to earn a living such as selling lottery tickets, washing dishes or even doing/making babysitting when he was small.
  5. She was unfortunate to grow up in a very poor family but she didn’t let/make poverty defeat her and destroy her hope for a better life.
  6. I am strongly inspired/influenced by my mother who is a well-educated and strict woman. 
  7. After winning the Master Chef competition, he gained a(an) reputation/achievement as a first-class cook in the US.
  8. Knowing where we come from helps us understand who we are in the past and what/where we are going in the future.
  9. By preserving the past, we can create a valuable legacy to release/pass down from generations to generations.
  10. Empowering women is one of the ways we lift families out of extreme/absolute poverty in this area.

Ex IX: Fill in the gap with a suitable word/phrase given

sacrifice

influential

manuscript

nutritious

independence

research

diversity

connected

campaign

failures

  1. Understanding our history gives us a sense of belonging as we feel ………..……to the places, people and events of the past.
  2. When she discovered that her daughter was malnourished, she gave her enough food to feed her two …………..meals per day for an entire month. 
  3. My friend and I participated in a fun run to raise money for breast cancer ……………and patients with fatal diseases. 
  4. The story looks at themes of love and………..…., wealth and poverty and the nature of true beauty.
  5. Some famous authors worked multiple jobs, faced multiple …………..to share their interesting stories with the world. 
  6. The writer of Harry Porter finished the …………….which was immediately rejected by twelve publishers. 
  7. Described as one of the …………..…authors, he wrote a number of short stories and plays and is said to be at the origin of liberty movement in Vietnam.
  8. If we could name one historical figure who made Vietnam what it is today, it would be “Uncle Ho” who had devoted his life to the fight for …………of the country.
  9. She is one of the key authors in French literature during the second half of the twentieth century thanks to the…………….., modernity and the new romantic genre of her work.
  10. He is one of the famous leaders who launched a ……………against organized crime and corruption.  

Ex X: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

  1. While the population of Europe and American is growing older, those in ………………..countries are becoming younger. (DEVELOP)
  2. Pop music has a ……………….appeal and is driven by pop music stations like MTV and others. (UNIVERSE)
  3. Thanks to the development of information technology, youngsters nowadays can communicate online with their friends and relatives in …………….places. (DISTANCE)
  4. After World War II, the European Coal and Steel community began to unite European countries …………………..and politically in order to secure long lasting peace. (ECONOMY)
  5. The EU, a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and …………………(PROSPER)
  6. The European Council, also known as the Council of Ministers, is the main ……………making body of the EU. (DECIDE)
  7. The organization promotes the integration of Europe through a common currency, the freedom of ……………….between member states. (MOVE)
  8. The suspect was released because there is a lack of……….against him. (EVIDENT)
  9. The government attempted to reduce ………………….in this city by increasing more police patrols at night. (VIOLENT) 
  10. My private doctor advised me to do exercise more in order to ………….my muscles. (STRONG)

Sau bài học Tiếng Anh lớp 12 -  Unit 1: Life stories ( Những câu chuyện cuộc sống) hi vọng giúp các bạn học sinh lớp 12 có thêm vốn từ vựng chắc để ôn thi nhé, chinh phục điểm 9,10 trong các bài kiểm tra.