Sách giáo khoa - Lớp 11

    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 11 - Unit 9: Cities of the future ( thành phố của tương lai)

    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 11 - Unit 9: Cities of the future ( thành phố của tương lai) là tổng hợp bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề Cities of the future giúp các em học sinh lớp 11 học tập thật tốt về từ vựng nhé 

    Trước khi bắt tay vào bài học nếu bạn chưa nắm vững từ vựng Unit cũ có thể học bài: 

    I. Từ vựng Unit 9: Chủ đề Cities of the future

    Unit 9: Chủ đề Cities of the future

    STT

    Từ vựng

    Phiên âm

    Dịch

    Ví dụ

    Nouns

           

    1

    threat

    /θret/

    Mối đe dọa

    Global warming is a threat to our survival.

    2

    policy

    /ˈpɒləsi/

    Chính sách

    Our country's policy has shifted from isolationism to internationalism.

    3

    society

    /səˈsaɪəti/

    Xã hội

    Society nowadays is becoming more open-minded.

    4

    condition

    /kənˈdɪʃn/

    Điều kiện, tình trạng

    His condition is critical.

    5

    method

    /ˈmeθəd/

    Phương pháp

    You can do this exercise using different methods.

    6

    network

    /ˈnetwɜːk/

    Mạng lưới

    20 companies share the same network of information.

    7

    individual

    /ɪndɪˈvɪdʒuəl/

    Cá nhân

    Each individual must contribute to the country.

    8

    warning

    /ˈwɔːnɪŋ/

    Sự cảnh báo

    The authority has issued a warning against travelling during the Pandemic.

    9

    shortage

    /ˈʃɔːtɪdʒ/

    Sự thiếu thốn

    There is a shortage of qualified staff.

    10

    biodiversity

    /baɪəʊdaɪˈvɜːsəti/

    Đa dạng sinh học

    Biodiversity must be preserved.

    11

    facility

    /fəˈsɪləti/

    Cơ sở vật chất

    The local gym has many facilities.

    12

    space

    /speɪs/

    Không gian

    Space is mankind's final frontier to explore.

    13

    inhabitant

    /ɪnˈhæbɪtənt/

    Cư dân

    The town has 25 thousand inhabitants.

    Verbs

           

    1

    generate

    /ˈdʒenəreɪt/

    Sản xuất, tạo ra

    The plant generates enough power for 5 cities.

    2

    upgrade

    /ˌʌpˈɡreɪd/

    Nâng cấp

    I want to upgrade my phone.

    3

    identify

    /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/

    Nhận diện, nhận ra

    The camera can identify who you are.

    4

    detect

    /dɪˈtekt/

    Phát hiện ra

    The sensors detected abnormal pressure.

    5

    install

    /ɪnˈstɔːl/

    Lắp đặt

    We have just installed a new air conditioner.

    6

    encourage

    /ɪnˈkʌrɪdʒ/

    Khuyến khích

    I always encourage him to try new things.

    Adjectives

           

    1

    insoluble

    /ɪnˈsɒljəbl/

    Không thể giải quyết được

    The problem remains insoluble.

    2

    liveable

    /ˈlɪvəbl/

    Có thể sống được

    Their house is barely liveable.

    3

    overcrowded

    /əʊvəˈkraʊdɪd/

    Quá đông đúc

    Poor people often have to live in overcrowded areas.

    4

    capable (of)

    /ɪnˈsɒljəbl/

    Có khả năng

    He is capable of eating 20 bowls of rice.

    5

    automatic

    /ˌɔːtəˈmætɪk/

    Tự động

    Our automatic doors are broken.

    6

    optimistic

    /ɒptɪˈmɪstɪk/

    Lạc quan

    I try to keep an optimistic mindset.

    7

    pessimistic

    /pesɪˈmɪstɪk/

    Bi quan

    He is very pessimistic about the future.

    8

    urban

    /ˈɜːbən/

    Thuộc về đô thị

    Urban areas attract a lot of people from the countryside.

    Phrases

           

    1

    environmentally friendly

    /ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəli ˈfrendli/

    Thân thiện với môi trường

    This car is environmentally friendly.

    2

    pace of life

    /peɪs əv laɪf/

    Nhịp sống

    The city has a fast pace of life.

    3

    treatment of waste

    /ˈtriːtmənt əv weɪst/

    Xử lý rác thải

    The treatment of waste in this area is done poorly.

    4

    solar-powered car

    /ˈsəʊlə(r) ˈpaʊəd kɑː(r)/

    Xe chạy bằng năng lượng mặt trời

    This is a competition to design a solar-powered car.

    5

    private transport

    /ˈpraɪvət ˈtrænspɔːt/

    Phương tiện cá nhân

    She has her own private transport.

    6

    weather forecast

    /ˈweðə(r) ˈfɔːkɑːst/

    Dự báo thời tiết

    We watch the weather forecast on TV every morning.

    7

    traffic jams

    /ˈtræfɪk dʒæmz/

    Tắc nghẽn giao thông

    We often experience traffic jams during rush hour.

    8

    developing country

    /dɪˈveləpɪŋ ˈkʌntri/

    Quốc gia đang phát triển

    Vietnam is a developing country.

    9

    waste processing plant

    /weɪst ˈprəʊsesɪŋ plɑːnt/

    Nhà máy xử lý rác thải

    There are plans to build a new waste processing plant.

    10

    city planner

    /ˈsɪti ˈplænə(r)/

    Nhà quy hoạch thành phố

    The city hired a famous city planner to develop its plan for new public buildings.

    11

    advanced technology

    /ədˈvɑːnst tekˈnɒlədʒi/

    Công nghệ tân tiến

    The company employs advanced technology in production.

    12

    ageing population

    /ˈeɪdʒɪŋ pɒpjuˈleɪʃn/

    Dân số già

    Ageing population has been a big problem for Japan.

    13

    free of charge

    /friː əv tʃɑːdʒ/

    Miễn phí

    The tickets were given out free of charge.

    14

    traffic flow

    /ˈtræfɪk fləʊ/

    Luồng giao thông

    Infrastructure needs to be upgraded to improve traffic flow.

    15

    solar energy

    /ˈsəʊlə(r) ˈenədʒi/

    Năng lượng mặt trời

    Solar energy has the potential to meet the world's energy demand.

    16

    city dweller

    /ˈsɪti ˈdwelə(r)/

    Người dân thành phố

    Many city dwellers live in apartments.

    17

    geographical feature

    /ˌdʒiːəˈɡræfɪkl ˈfiːtʃə(r)/

    Đặc điểm địa lý

    High mountains and deep valleys are the geographical features of this country.

    18

    weather condition

    /ˈweðə(r) kənˈdɪʃn/

    Điều kiện thời tiết

    The weather condition is nice during this time of the year.

    19

    means of transport

    /miːnz əv ˈtrænspɔːt/

    Phương tiện giao thông

    We don't have any means of transport to get to London.

    20

    quality of life

    /ˈkwɒləti əv laɪf/

    Chất lượng cuộc sống

    The government wants to improve the quality of life for its citizens.

    21

    renewable energy

    /rɪˈnjuːəbl ˈenədʒi/

    Năng lượng có thể tái tạo lại

    We must transition to renewable energy.

    22

    take advantage of

    /teɪk ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ əv/

    Tận dụng

    Hydroelectric power stations take advantage of the potential energy of water to produce electricity.

    23

    developed country

    /dɪˈveləpt ˈkʌntri/

    Quốc gia đã phát triển

    Developed countries need to help developing countries.


    II. Bài tập Unit 9: Chủ đề Cities of the future

    Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

    1. A. encourage          B. generate           C. shortage           D. government 
    2. A. sustainable         B. infrastructure  C. hunger               D. unluckily  
    3. A. livable                 B. vital                    C. condition          D. developing
    4. A. provision            B. useless               C. insoluble           D. pessimistic          
    5. A. automatic        B. advantage         C. national             D. transport
    6. A. weather            B. without              C. together            D. thoughtful
    7. A. handkerchief         B. technology        C. achievement    D. discharge 
    8. A. means                   B. problems           C. measures          D. projects

    Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

    1. A. private        B. renewable    C. environment    D. develop
    2. A. treatment   B. ageing               C. pollution           D. quality
    3. A. energy           B. electricity      C. transport          D. friendly
    4. A. comfortable  B. method             C. automatic         D. planner
    5. A. hesitate         B. available           C. happen              D. generate
    6. A. optimistic     B. volume              C. quantity            D. negative
    7. A. capable      B. shortage           C. network            D. upgraded
    8. A. addition       B. enjoyable          C. pessimistic        D. activity

     

    Ex IV: Odd one out

    1. A. predict               B. detect                C. manufacture    D. physical
    2. A. common               B. research            C. limited                D. abundant
    3. A. citizen                  B. inhabitant         C. dweller              D. condition
    4. A. install                     B. upgrade             C. architecture      D. construct
    5. A. warning              B. achieve              C. threat                 D. risk
    6. A. geographical       B. archaeological  C. scientific            D. technology
    7. A. function              B. network             C. positive              D. energy
    8. A. individual              B. facility                C. infrastructure   D. equipment

    Ex V: Match the verbs in column A with those in column B

    A

     

    B

    1.give

     

    a. the pollution problems

    2.breathe

     

    b. the use fossil fuels

    3.use

     

    c. polluted air

    4.solve

     

    d. clean and healthy food

    5.provide

     

    e. new devices 

    6. produce

     

    f. a presentation on pollution

    7. reduce 

     

    g. solar panels on the roof of the house

    8. invent

     

    h. the brightness of my computer

    9.adjust

     

    i. solar energy

    10.install

     

    j. a healthier environment

     

    Ex VI Choose the best answer

    1. If we use more solar energy, the air will …………..cleaner and our health will be much better.

    A. turn

    B. become

    C. developed

    D. made

    2. If people breathe in polluted air, they will have to …………….. from some serious respiratory diseases.

    A. come

    B. develop

    C. catch

    D. suffer

    3. If you try to …..…..oil and water, the oil goes to the top and the water to the bottom.

    A. mix 

    B. combine

    C. put

    D. heat

    4. If the government plans to ………………the use fossil fuels, the city will become a more liveable place.

    A. increase

    B. prevent

    C. reduce

    D. develop

    5. Many new devices have been ……………to help doctors detect diseases early and cure diseases effectively.

    A. invented

    B. encouraged

    C. equipped

    D. transported 

    6. The main ………………of the organization is to deal with urban environmental problems to make the city greener, cleaner and more sustainable.

    A. guideline 

    B. function

    C. principle

    D. idea

    7. To make sure there is no shortage of fresh water, wastewater is ……………and then turned into drinking water.

    A. removed

    B. reduced

    C. processed

    D. treated

    8. A bicycle sharing system is developed to ……………more city dwellers to use bicycles. 

    A. force

    B. introduce

    C. encourage

    D. make

    Ex VII: Match the words with their meanings

    1.facility

     

    a. all the people who live in a particular area, city or country

    2.biodiversity

     

    b. having controls the work without needing a person to operate

    3.automatic

     

    c. fuel such as coal or oil that was formed over millions of years from parts of dead animals or plants 

    4.city planner

     

    d. buildings, services, equipment that are provided for a particular purpose

    5. population

     

    e. to make a machine, computer system more powerful and efficient 

    6.environmentally friendly

     

    f. a person whose job is to plan the growth and development of a town

    7. upgrade

     

    g. along line of vehicles that cannot move easily

    8. install

     

    h. the existence of a large number of different kinds of animals and plants which make a balanced environment

    9.fossil fuel

     

    i. to fix equipment or furniture into position so that it can be used

    10.traffic jam

     

    j. not harming the environment

     

    Ex VIII: Circle the best word

    1. Solar energy can also be used for day lighting, cooking, heating water and helping plants grow/raise.
    2. The projects have considered/proved to be effective in dealing with global climate change, which was considered an insoluble problem in the first half of the century.
    3. They will build smart/intelligent underground transport networks so that the city will no longer be full of cars. 
    4. Governments have to find ways to monitor/control pollution, which will continue to be a serious problem in the future. 
    5. Renewable energy sources will gradually combine/replace fossil fuels in the next twenty years. 
    6. Natural risks/disasters like floods, storms, earthquakes and the negative effects of global warming have damaged the infrastructure in the local area.
    7. Does upgrading the existing city or building a completely new one from scratch/basemake an ideal city?
    8. The construction of the new city is worked/based on the world’s best technologies and eco-friendly practices.

    Ex IX: Fill in the gap with a suitable word/phrase given

    inhabitants

    disposal

    network

    installed

    continuous

    connected

    monitor

    infrastructure

    advanced

    projects

     

    1. …………………..is the basic systems, services that are necessary for a country or an organization to run smoothly, for example buildings, transport, water and power supplies.
    2. Thanks to various sensors ………………in every home, the center can predict possible disasters, identify locations and send a rescue team to help people in danger.
    3. The group’s responsibility is to design and carry out ……………aiming to reduce fossil fuel consumption, find renewable fuels for public transport and promote other clean air efforts.
    4. This safe, environmentally friendly city is considered to be a lovely place for its ………………..who can enjoy the best quality of life. 
    5. This famous city wishes to promote ……………technology to make greener cars, faster trains and more convenient facilities for old and disabled people.
    6. The city I travelled to last week has crowded public transport, ageing electricity ………………and piles of smelly rubbish. 
    7. People’s lives will also continue to be threatened due to the …………….risk of earthquakes and tsunamis in this city.
    8. The waste …………….system is so innovative as all household and office waste is sent directly through an underground network of tunnels to waste processing plants. 
    9. Sensors used to ………….temperature can warn the house owners of any problems and allow them to control the heating systems or household devices.
    10. Government offices and schools are ……………….to the network thanks to the widely used high speed wi-fi.

    Ex X: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

    1. The …………………are very optimistic about the city of the future as they believe that the launch of the new project is on the right track to become one of the smartest and greenest cities in the world. (DEVELOP)
    2. The aim of upgrading an old place while maintaining its economic activities has been ………………. (ACHIEVEMENT)
    3. Heavy traffic can make cycling………………..and even dangerous without designated lanes. (PLEASE)
    4. The most bike-friendly cities create separate bike paths, provide parking and allow ………………….to bring their bikes for longer trips. (CYCLE)
    5. The green roof on the city hall provides a very visible symbol of green intentions and draws attention to the ………….. technologies. (LATE)
    6. Buying renewable energy and mandating efficiency measures are two ways a city can use to help build a market for greener ………………(PRODUCE) while lowering its environmental impact.
    7. …………………..design can reduce the feeling of density by creating the illusion of space using green and blue elements. (INNOVATE)
    8. A green environment has a positive ………….. on people’s health and contributes to the quality of life in a neighborhood. (AFFECT)

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