Sách giáo khoa - Lớp 10

    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 7: Cultural diversity (Sự đa dạng văn hóa)

    Tổng hợp Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 7: Cultural diversity (Sự đa dạng văn hóa)đầy đủ phiên âm và ví dụ, giúp học sinh lớp học tiếng Anh tốt nhất nhé. 

    I. Từ vựng Unit 7: Cultural diversity  

    Unit 7: Chủ đề Cultural diversity

    STT

    Từ vựng

    Phiên âm

    Dịch

    Ví dụ

    Nouns

           

    1

    ancestor

    /ˈænsestə(r)/

    Tổ tiên

    My ancestors served the King of the country.

    2

    funeral

    /ˈfjuːnərəl/

    Đám tang

    A lot of people attended my grandfather's funeral.

    3

    information

    /ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃn/

    Thông tin

    How can I get more information about the school?

    4

    reception

    /rɪˈsepʃn/

    Sự đón tiếp, sự đón nhận, buổi lễ đón tiếp

    Are you having a big reception after the wedding?

    5

    difference

    /ˈdɪfrəns/

    Sự khác nhau

    We should get past our differences.

    6

    standard

    /ˈstændəd/

    Tiêu chuẩn

    Your performance is not up to standard.

    7

    engagement

    /ɪnˈɡeɪdʒmənt/

    Sự đính hôn

    They just announced their engagement.

    8

    bride

    /braɪd/

    Cô dâu

    I'd like to propose a toast to the bride and groom.

    9

    groom

    /ɡruːm/

    Chú rể

    10

    expense

    /ɪkˈspens/

    Chi phí

    I don't have enough money to cover the expense for the wedding.

    11

    status

    /ˈsteɪtəs/

    Vị thế

    Some people pursue status in life.

    12

    bridesmaid

    /ˈbraɪdzmeɪd/

    Phù dâu

    I asked her to become my bridesmaid.

    13

    proposal

    /prəˈpəʊzl/

    Dạm ngõ, cầu hôn

    He arranged a very romantic proposal of marriage.

    14

    diversity

    /daɪˈvɜːsəti/

    Sự đa dạng

    The town has a great ethnic diversity.

    15

    similarity

    /ˌsɪməˈlærəti/

    Sự giống nhau

    The two boys share some similarities.

    16

    belief

    /bɪˈliːf/

    Niềm tin

    She has an absolute belief in God.

    17

    wedding

    /ˈwedɪŋ/

    Đám cưới

    I was invited to their wedding.

    18

    mystery

    /ˈmɪstri/

    Sự huyền bí

    His disappearance remains a mystery.

    19

    prosperity

    /prɒˈsperəti/

    Sự thịnh vượng

    The country is enjoying a period of peace and prosperity.

    20

    majority

    /məˈdʒɒrəti/

    Đại đa số

    The majority of the members supported the idea.

    21

    background

    /ˈbækɡraʊnd/

    Lý lịch

    Her background is very questionable.

    22

    ceremony

    /ˈserəməni/

    Buổi lễ

    The ceremony will be held on Sunday.

    Verbs

           

    1

    symbolize

    /ˈsɪmbəlaɪz/

    Tượng trưng

    The meeting between the two presidents symbolized peace and friendship.

    2

    decrease

    /dɪˈkriːs/

    Giảm

    Daily cases of COVID-19 are decreasing.

    3

    celebrate

    /ˈselɪbreɪt/

    Kỷ niệm, ca tụng

    We need to celebrate your birthday!

    4

    prepare (for)

    /prɪˈpeə(r)/

    Chuẩn bị

    I need to prepare for my finals.

    5

    object (to)

    /ˈɒbdʒɪkt/

    Phản đối

    I object to being mistreated.

    6

    respect

    /rɪˈspekt/

    Tôn trọng

    You should always respect one's opinion.

    Adjectives

           

    1

    creative

    /kriˈeɪtɪv/

    Sáng tạo

    The child begín to show his creative side.

    2

    modern

    /ˈmɒdn/

    Hiện đại

    Her dress is very modern.

    3

    prestigious

    /preˈstɪdʒəs/

    Nổi tiếng

    I want to enroll in a prestigious school.

    4

    complicated

    /ˈkɒmplɪkeɪtɪd/

    Phức tạp

    It's a very complicated matter.

    5

    religious

    /rɪˈlɪdʒəs/

    Thuộc về tôn giáo

    They are a religious family.

    6

    social

    /ˈsəʊʃl/

    Thuộc về xã hội

    Our country still has a lot of social problems.

    7

    traditional

    /trəˈdɪʃənl/

    Thuộc về truyền thống

    She is a traditional woman.

    8

    favourable

    /ˈfeɪvərəbl/

    Ưa thích

    The comments on my essay are favourable.

    9

    superstitious

    /ˌsuːpəˈstɪʃəs/

    Mê tín

    I'm not a superstitious person.

    10

    delighted

    /dɪˈlaɪtɪd/

    Vui mừng

    I was delighted to be invited to your party.

    11

    unnecessary

    /ʌnˈnesəsəri/

    Không cần thiết

    We should cut back on unnecessary spending.

    Phrases

           

    1

    have influence on

    /həv ˈɪnfluəns ɒn/

    Gây tác động, ảnh hưởng

    His films had a great influence on me.

    2

    big day

    /bɪɡ deɪ/

    Ngày trọng đại

    Tomorrow is your graduation, right? It's going to be a big day for you.

    3

    honeymoon

    /ˈhʌnimuːn/

    Trăng mật

    They go on honeymoon the day after the wedding.

    4

    birth rate

    /ˈbɜːθ reɪt/

    Tỉ lệ sinh

    The birth rate in China is declining.

    5

    take place

    /teɪk pleɪs/

    Diễn ra

    The party will take place at a hotel.

    6

    make sure

    /meɪk ʃʊə(r)/

    Để chắc chắn rằng

    I want to make sure that you understand the problem.

    7

    get married

    /ɡet ˈmærid/

    Kết hôn

    John and I will get married soon.

    8

    beyond ability

    /bɪˈjɒnd ðə əˈbɪləti/

    Vượt quá khả năng

    The question was beyond my ability.

    9

    newly-wed couple

    /ˈnjuːli wed ˈkʌpl/

    Cặp đôi mới cưới

    The newly-wed couple traveled around the world for a month.

    II. Bài tập vận dụng

    Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

    1. A. manne  B. information      C. engagement   D. wedding
    2. A. wrong              B. whistle              C. witty                D. whether
    3. A. expense           B. belief                 C. respect           D. unnecessary
    4. A. structure         B. funeral              C. unbelievable  D. duckling
    5. A. nylon                B. prosperity         C. mystery           D. majority
    6. A. prepare           B. background       C. standard            D. national
    7. A. decrease         B. sure                   C. superstitious   D. mystery
    8. A. delighted      B. married             C. complicated   D. created

    Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

    1. A. customs       B. ability             C. wedding           D. ceremony
    2. A. successful      B. respect      C. religious           D. difference
    3. A. favorable         B. holiday        C. symbolize        D. introduction
    4. A. delicious          B. honeymoon    C. career             D. majority
    5. A. diversity          B. reception    C. ancestor        D. belief
    6. A. creativity         B. complicated C. perfect            D. background
    7. A. traditional       B. celebrate      C. decision         D. importance
    8. A. develop         B. festival       C. common        D. funeral

    Ex III: Odd one out

    1. A. ceremony       B. wealthy        C. silly                 D. lively
    2. A. introduce        B. celebrate       C. proposal            D. engage
    3. A. exist                  B. standard        C. decide                D. refer
    4. A. fiance           B. inventor       C. couple                D. success
    5. A. consider         B. superstitious C. compare            D. support
    6. A. prosperity       B. delighted        C. jealous               D. prestigious
    7. A. information    B. relationship C. generous          D. majority
    8. A. increase           B. environment     C. decrease           D. improve

    Ex IV:  Match the words with their definitions

    1.ceremony

     

    a. the customs, beliefs, art, way of life and social organization of a particular country or group

    2.custom

     

    b. a range of many people or things that are very different from each other

    3.honeymoon

     

    c. a strong feeling that something/somebody exists or is true

    4.expense

     

    d. a public or religious occasion that includes a series of formal or traditional actions

    5.culture

     

    e. a meeting at which something, especially a new product or idea, piece of work, is shown to a group of people

    6.community

     

    f. the money that you spend on something

    7.diversity

     

    g. the legal relationship between two people who are married to each other

    8.religious

     

    h. an accepted way of behaving or of doing things in a society or community

    9.symbol

     

    i. connected with religion or with a particular religion

    10.marriage

     

    j. a holiday taken by a couple who have just got married

    11.belief

     

    k. a person, an object, an event that represents a more general quality or situation

    12.presentation

     

    l. all people who live in a particular area, country when talked as a group

     

    Ex V:  Match the words in column A with those in column B

    A

     

    B

    1.cover

     

    a. a lot of money for the future

    2.give

     

    b. good luck for the family

    3.decrease

     

    c. the expenses of the wedding

    4.save

     

    d. some common views

    5.exchange

     

    e. an ideal partner

    6.sweep

     

    f. money as wedding presents

    7.bring

     

    g. wedding gifts or rings

    8.choose

     

    h.in love with a pretty girl

    9.share 

     

    i. the birth rate

    10.fall

     

    j. the floor

     

    Ex VI:  Put the following two-syllable words in the correct column according to their stress patterns

     

    wedding

    exchange 

    expense

    support

    engage

    custom

    social

    partner

    modern

    include

    perfect

    major

    belief

    perform

    fortune

    service



    First syllable

    Second syllable

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Ex VII:  Circle the best word

    1. Traditional clothes of Vietnam have always been diverse/various depending on the area and occasion, so wedding clothes varied in style and trend throughout history. 
    2. Superstition/Religion means choosing a favorable date for occasions such as weddings, funerals or house moving day.
    3. Culture diversity helps us to recognize and respect others so that as we connect/interact with others, we can build bridges to trust, respect and understand other cultures. 
    4. Culture diversity supports the idea that every person can make/take a unique and positive contribution to the larger society.
    5. Success is the result/effect of hard work, self-reliance, intelligence and great efforts.
    6. I myself never visit people’s homes on the first day of the new year if/unless they invite me.
    7. In the modern time, there is an increase in the number of young people in Vietnam who wish to marry later/sooner in life.
    8. If you are in question/doubt, it’s better to ask your friends about the wedding theme so that you can choose the right color to wear.

    Ex VIII:  Choose the best answer

    1. Most weddings in Vietnam……………………the proposal ceremony, the engagement ceremony and the wedding ceremony.

    A. divide

    B. include

    C. split 

    D. contain

    2. According to Vietnamese tradition, the entire wedding process………………with the proposal.

    A. begins

    B. ends

    C. completes

    D. finishes

    3. The mother of the bride normally combs the bride’s hair as a ……………..of their last moment together as mother and daughter

    A. signal

    B. photo

    C. symbol

    D. image

    4. On the last night before the wedding, the bride’s mother will………………… her  how to be a good wife, mother, and daughter in-law for the new family.

    A. tell

    B. instruct

    C. explain

    D. introduce

    5. Vietnamese people don’t sweep the floor on the first day of the new year as they believe that if they do that, they might sweep out their……………..

    A. wealth

    B. happiness

    C. luck

    D. health

    6. We can ………………our level of understanding about other cultures by interacting with people outside of our own culture.

    decrease

    B. increase

    C. change

    D. acquire

    7 My sister is very ……………………..He is also good at saving and looking after money.

    organizing

    B. organize

    C. organizes

    D. organized

    8. In my point of view, a successful person is someone with high………………and is supported by all people involved in his job.

    A. status

    B. foot

    C. stand

    D. view

    Ex IX: Fill in the gap with a suitable word given in the box

    participate

    language

    entire

    announce

    status

    options

    permission

    personally

    prosperity

    officially

     

    1. The future groom’s family visits the future bride’s family to ask for ……………………..for the soon-to – be- groom and bride to be established as a couple.
    2. The engagement ceremony was mainly used to…………………. that the arrangement is confirmed and the wedding will happen one day.
    3. Weddings in the past were also seen as family reunions as family members from the bride’s side will travel to the bride’s house a few days before to………………… in the wedding.
    4. Before the wedding day, the groom’s family would make a trip to the bride’s home with a gift of betel nuts to …………………ask for permission to receive the bride.
    5. In modern weddings, brides usually change into at least three different gowns throughout the ……………….wedding or even during the reception itself.
    6. Gifting made in the form of money inside a red envelope or card is the symbol of ……………………, health and happiness. 
    7. During the reception, both the bride and groom go from table to table to ………………..thank guests for their best wishes and to possibly collect cards and gifts.
    8. Culture refers to the shared………………, beliefs, values, norms, behavior and material objects that are passed down from generation to the next.
    9. Nowadays, most people usually gift the newly - weds money, jewelry, or pictures as these are safe gifting………………
    10. In Vietnam, a wedding is not only a happy day for the couple but also a day for parents to show off their social ..............

    Ex X: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

    1. As for career development, success means ending career in a higher and more …………………… position than when people began it.(PROSPERITY)
    2. What are ………………………..and differences between a traditional Vietnamese wedding and a modern one? (SIMILAR)
    3. ……………………, often in the form of singing, is served during the meal, and some receptions allow guests to perform songs for couples. (ENTERTAIN)
    4. People……………….use their own culture as the standard to judge other cultures. (NATURE)
    5. It is commonly ………………….that in American culture, on the wedding day, the bride should carry with her something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue. (BELIEVE)
    6. My close friend is creative, …………………..and he prefers freedom to do his own things instead of organized or planned work. (DEPEND)
    7. Both of them like challenges and always pursue their plans with strong …..…………….(DETERMINE)
    8. More recently, Vietnam’s rapid ……………….. growth and the increased influence of Western cultures have made weddings, especially in big cities, more expensive. (ECONOMY)

    Sau bài học Unit 7; Cultural diversity (Sự đa dạng văn hóa) các bạn sẽ nắm vững từ vựng nha. Chúc các bạn học sinh lớp 10 học tập thật tốt nhé