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    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 6: Gender equality ( Bình đẳng giới)

    Tổng hợp Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 6: Gender equality ( Bình đẳng giới) đầy đủ phiên âm và ví dụ, giúp học sinh lớp 10 học tiếng Anh tốt nhất. Chúng ta bắt tay vào bài học thôi nào 

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    I. Từ vựng Unit 6: Gender equality ( Bình đẳng giới) 

    Unit 6: Chủ đề Gender equality

    STT

    Từ vựng

    Phiên âm

    Dịch

    Ví dụ

    Nouns

           

    1

    will

    /wɪl/

    Ý chí

    He lacks the will to continue the project.

    2

    poverty

    /ˈpɒvəti/

    Sự nghèo khó

    Poverty still exists in some parts of the world.

    3

    discrimination

    /dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃn/

    Phân biệt

    Women often face discrimination in the workplace.

    4

    right

    /raɪt/

    Quyền lợi

    It is children's right to receive an education.

    5

    preference

    /ˈprefrəns/

    Sự ưa thích

    I have a preference for sweet things.

    6

    race

    /reɪs/

    Chủng tộc

    Every race is equal.

    7

    hunger

    /ˈhʌŋɡə(r)/

    Nạn đói

    Children in Africa are dying of hunger.

    8

    strength

    /streŋkθ/

    Thế mạnh

    One of her strengths is her ability to stay calm.

    9

    generation

    /ˌdʒenəˈreɪʃn/

    Thế hệ

    The older generation tends to have more traditional views.

    10

    limitation

    /ˌlɪmɪˈteɪʃn/

    Sự hạn chế

    Your plan has some serious limitations.

    11

    weakness

    /ˈwiːknəs/

    Điểm yếu

    We should know our own weaknesses.

    12

    report

    /rɪˈpɔːt/

    Bản báo cáo

    The report emphasized gender inequality in the country.

    13

    courage

    /ˈkʌrɪdʒ/

    Sự can đảm

    He summoned up the courage to ask her out.

    14

    income

    /ˈɪnkʌm/

    Thu nhập

    Tourism is the main source of income in this town.

    15

    wage

    /weɪdʒ/

    Lương tuần

    The workers demand higher wages.

    16

    responsibility

    /rɪˌspɒnsəˈbɪləti/

    Trách nhiệm

    You must take responsibility for your actions.

    17

    salary

    /ˈsæləri/

    Lương tháng

    Her salary is not enough to feed the kids.

    18

    opportunity

    /ˌɒpəˈtjuːnəti/

    Cơ hội

    The scholarship provides an opportunity for poor students to go to college.

    19

    budget

    /ˈbʌdʒɪt/

    Ngân quỹ

    Our budget for this year was cut by 50%.

    Verbs

           

    1

    concentrate (on)

    /ˈkɒnsntreɪt/

    Tập trung

    Please be quiet; I am concentrating on my homework.

    2

    force

    /fɔːs/

    Ép buộc

    He was forced to take part in the tournament.

    3

    allow

    /əˈlaʊ/

    Cho phép

    You are not allowed to enter this building.

    4

    educate

    /ˈedʒukeɪt/

    Giáo dục

    You should educate yourself on the dangers of drugs.

    5

    eliminate

    /ɪˈlɪmɪneɪt/

    Xoá bỏ

    Try to eliminate fatty foods from your diet.

    6

    satisfy

    /ˈsætɪsfaɪ/

    Thoả mãn

    His score was not enough to satisfy his father.

    7

    suppose

    /səˈpəʊz/

    Giả định rằng

    Let's suppose that you do not have enough money, what would you do?

    8

    instruct

    /ɪnˈstrʌkt/

    Hướng dẫn

    He instructed me in sign language.

    9

    prevent

    /prɪˈvent/

    Ngăn chặn

    Wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of Covid.

    10

    discover

    /dɪˈskʌvə(r)/

    Khám phá

    I just discovered an abandoned building.

    11

    represent

    /reprɪˈzent/

    Đại diện

    He claimed to represent the company.

    12

    treat

    /triːt/

    Đối xử

    You should treat everyone with respect.

    Adjectives

           

    1

    disabled

    /dɪsˈeɪbld/

    Khuyết tật

    Disabled veterans should receive more support.

    2

    mature

    /məˈtʃʊə(r)/

    Trưởng thành

    He is mature for his age.

    3

    equal

    /ˈiːkwəl/

    Bình đẳng, đều nhau

    Men and women deserve equal rights.

    4

    passive

    /ˈpæsɪv/

    Bị động

    He played a passive role in the relationship.

    5

    exhausted

    /ɪɡˈzɔːstɪd/

    Kiệt sức

    I was exhausted after the run.

    6

    qualified

    /ˈkwɒlɪfaɪd/

    Đủ năng lực

    He is a highly qualified teacher.

    7

    official

    /əˈfɪʃl/

    Chính thức

    Let's wait for the official announcement.

    8

    unfair

    /ʌnˈfeə(r)/

    Bất công

    It is unfair to only blame her.

    Phrases

           

    1

    domestic violence

    /dəˈmestɪk ˈvaɪələns/

    Bạo lực gia đình

    He was arrested for domestic violence.

    2

    make progress

    /meɪk ˈprəʊɡres/

    Tiến bộ

    They made some progress in their research.

    3

    troublemaker

    /ˈtrʌblmeɪkə(r)/

    Người gây chuyện

    That child is such a troublemaker.

    4

    decision-maker

    /dɪˈsɪʒn meɪkə(r)/

    Người quyết định

    He is the decision-maker of the group.

    5

    gender equality

    /ˈdʒendə(r iˈkwɒləti/

    Bình đẳng giới

    She is an advocate of gender equality.

    6

    police force

    /pəˈliːs fɔːs/

    Lực lượng cảnh sát

    He wants to join the police force.

    7

    pass down

    /pɑːs daʊn/

    Truyền lại

    This ring is passed down from my grandmother.

    8

    college degree

    /ˈkɒlɪdʒ dɪˈɡriː/

    Bằng cấp đại học

    After finishing high school, his next goal is to get a college degree.

    9

    caregiver

    /ˈkeəɡɪvə(r)/

    Người chăm sóc

    The elderly often require caregivers.

     

    Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

    1. A. mature        B. nature             C. adventure       D. manufacture
    2. A. weaknesses B. experiences       C. responsibilities D. advantages
    3. A. decision           B. passive            C. progress           D. exhausted
    4. A. council             B. official             C. concentrate D. preference
    5. A. satisfaction     B. mathematics   C. favorable      D. salary
    6. A. export              B. collaborate      C. important      D. workforce
    7. A. wealthy           B. death               C. smoothly         D. breathe    
    8. A. booking           B. kangaroo         C. loose              D. choose     

     

    Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

    1. A. domestic B. dependent      C. official            D. educate
    2. A. violence     B. qualified  C. decision D. concentrate
    3. A. salary               B. eliminate          C. preference      D. gender
    4. A. population  B. equality             C. employment   D. instruction
    5. A. poverty            B. national             C. exhausted         D. widen
    6. A. suppose           B. satisfy                C. discover            D. report
    7. A. allow                B. gentle             C. courage             D. weakness
    8. A. budget             B. difficult           C. invitation          D. harmony

    Ex III: Odd one out

    1. A. violence          B. discover           C. eliminate          D. explain
    2. A. leader              B. caregiver           C. delivery            D. inventor
    3. A. official              B. education          C. unequal           D. harmful
    4. A. degree      B. employment C. qualification     D. government
    5. A. suppose           B. courage             C. represent          D. discover
    6. A. instruction      B. wage                  C. bonus               D. salary
    7. A. budget         B. donation          C. funding            D. treatment
    8. A. limit        B. satisfy                C. distribute        D. advantage 

     

    Ex IV: Put the following two-syllable words in the correct column according to their stress patterns

    gender

    equality

    explain

    transform

    interpret

    assignment

    danger

    passive

    literature

    architect

    structure

    government

    weakness

    emergency

    consider

    postpone

     

    Stress on the first syllable

    Stress on the second syllable

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Ex V:  Match the words in column A with those in column B

    A

     

    B

    1.pursue

     

    a. the same job

    2.follow

     

    b. household tasks

    3.fail

     

    c. small children

    4.do 

     

    d. good examples

    5.pay 

     

    e. a career

    6.share 

     

    f. gender discrimination

    7.join

     

    g. the knowledge

    8.set

     

    h. detailed instructions

    9.widen

     

    i. equal opportunities

    10.educate

     

    j. a heavy price

    11.eliminate

     

    k. the army

    12.have

     

    l. the physical test

     

    Ex VI:  Match the words with their meanings

    1.opportunity

     

    a. the act of officially joining a course, school 

    2.enrolment

     

    b. the act or process of limiting or controlling somebody or something

    3.treatment

     

    c. a duty to deal with or take care of somebody or something so that you may be blamed if something goes wrong

    4.responsibility

     

    d. a time when a particular situation makes it possible to do or achieve something

    5. policy

     

    e. a way of behaving towards for dealing with a person or thing

    6.limitation

     

    f. a plan of action agreed or chosen by a political party or or business

     

    Ex VII:  Complete the following sentences using the words in Ex V

    1. During the Covid pandemic period, certain areas in the city had been singled out for special ……………….
    2. The conference offers a unique…………………..for professionals to meet each other. 
    3. The government has implemented an aggressive monetary………………to stimulate the economy.
    4. Despite its unavoidable ………………………….., the research has made great contributions to local agriculture. 
    5. We are recruiting a sales manager with ………………..for the European market.
    6. Students should bear in mind that fees must be paid in full at the time of …………………

    Ex VIII:  Choose the best answer

    1. Our group ……………..on a project called gender equality in modern society last week and we are given a week to do it.

    A.continued

    B. worked

    C. affected

    D. did

    2. The statistics show that there is a typical example of gender…………………..in education.

    A. division

    B. reduction

    C. instruction

    D. discrimination

    3. In some rural areas, girls are ………………….to do hard work at home and in the fields.

    A. forced               B. force               C. forces             D. forcing

    4. His brother …………………an important college degree and started to work after graduation.

    trained

    B. qualified

    C. did 

    D. earned

    5. Gender discrimination sometimes starts at home since parents treat boys and girls…………………

    A. differently

    B. same

    C. similar

    D. different

    6. Do you think that married women should ………………….their career?

    A. make

    B. have

    C. pursue

    D. follow

    7. The most recent Government report has recognized that the ……………of gender equality in Vietnam is still low.

    A. result

    B. progress

    C. process

    D. procedure

    8. Can we, as young people, reduce discrimination …………………..women and girls in our society nowadays?

    A. against

    B. on

    C. upon

    D. over

    Ex IX:  Circle the best word

    1. It is common knowledge that husbands and wives have same/equal rights and responsibilities in their homes.
    2. Gender equality/inequality in Vietnam is partly caused by the prescribed caregiver role of women in the family.
    3. His stories show that gender differences cannot prevent/ cause a person from pursuing a job.
    4. In some families, domestic work comes from/remains women’s main responsibility.
    5. Learning to read, write and count opens the door to a whole world of opportunity and creates/results lasting change.
    6. In spite of being the youngest teacher, she is determined to have a positive/negative impact on the school teachers and children.
    7. Female education excludes/includes areas of gender equality and access to education.
    8. In some Western countries, women have surpassed/past men at many levels of education.

    Ex X:  Complete the sentence with a suitable word given in the box

    awareness

    increase

    decorate

    responsibilities

    manage

    economic

    limit

    innovation

    individual

    educated

     

    1. The traditional practices ………………. the role of the daughter in her birth parents' family and strengthen the values as well as the role of the son.
    2. Household chores, including childcare and care for the elderly, remain the primary ……………….of women, especially mothers.
    3. ………………women nowadays are becoming increasingly dependent and they may not wait for their husbands’ decisions. 
    4. We work closely with families to address barriers to education while raising ………………….of the rights of all children to receive quality education.
    5. Our new teacher has been teaching us how to reuse plastic, creating hanging baskets made out of bottles to ………………….our school.
    6. Her ………………..and determination for change is a real inspiration to her students and community. 
    7. Improving girls’ educational levels has been demonstrated to have clear impacts on the health and ……………….future of young women.
    8. World education believes that education for girls and women is the single most effective way to improve the lives of …………………..families as well as to bring economic development to poor communities worldwide.
    9. The government is working to ……………….rural mothers’ abilities to contribute to their children’s primary education to ensure that both mother and children have necessary literacy skills.
    10. The organization has a long history of successfully working with local partners to design, ………………..and evaluate community-based initiatives to advance the conditions of girls and women.

    Ex XI: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

    1. Women have…………………..lower levels of education compared to men. (SIGNIFICANT)
    2. Women are usually more hard-working although they are believed to be ………………….weaker. (PHYSICAL)
    3. ………………………., scientists will discover a planet similar to the Earth in the near future. (HOPE)
    4. Women are less likely to get ……………….or given a chance to improve their professional qualifications, especially among those who work in the state sector. (PROMOTE)
    5. Gender balance means creating more equitable opportunities for women, particularly at the …………………levels of an organization. (HIGH)
    6. Measures that help promote gender balance such as flexible hours and ……………parental leave, directly improve the work-life balance of all employees. (EXPAND)
    7. All the teachers receive ongoing training and …………………..development to ensure they can deliver a high quality, inclusive and child-centered education. (PROFESSION)
    8. Lack of education limits prospects, decreases family income, reduces health, puts women and girls at risk of trafficking and …………………..(EXPLOIT)
    9. By improving………………………..opportunities for girls and women, the organization helps women develop skills that allow them to make decisions and influence community change. (EDUCATE)
    10. Population …………………., HIV, peace and security, and the widening gap between the rich and the poor are some of our profound issues of our time. (GROW)


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