Sách giáo khoa - Lớp 10

    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 10: Ecotourism (Du lịch sinh thái)

    Tổng hợp từ vựng tiếng Anh  lớp 10 - Unit 10: Ecotourism (Du lịch sinh thái) giúp cho các bạn học sinh lớp 10 học từ vựng hiệu quả, có bài tập nâng cao rèn luyện tốt nhất. 

    I. Từ vựng Unit 10: Ecotourism 

    Chủ đề Ecotourism

    STT

    Từ vựng

    Phiên âm

    Dịch

    Ví dụ

    Nouns

           

    1

    understanding

    /ʌndəˈstændɪŋ/

    Sự hiểu biết

    Her understanding of the issue is limited.

    2

    wildlife

    /ˈwaɪldlaɪf/

    Giới hữu sinh

    Development of the area would endanger wildlife.

    3

    potential

    /pəˈtenʃl/

    Tiềm năng

    This area has the potential for tourism.

    4

    departure

    /dɪˈpɑːtʃə(r)/

    Khởi hành

    You should check in 2 hours before departure.

    5

    handicraft

    /ˈhændikrɑːft/

    Đồ thủ công, nghề thủ công

    She takes up handicraft as a hobby.

    6

    litter

    /ˈlɪtə(r)/

    Rác

    There is so much litter around the park.

    7

    fauna

    /ˈfɔːnə/

    Động vật

    The local flora and fauna is being threatened by the new plan to build a factory.

    8

    flora

    /ˈflɔːrə/

    Thực vật

    9

    ecotourism

    /ˈiːkəʊtʊərɪzəm/

    Du lịch sinh thái

    The government is promoting ecotourism

    10

    province

    /ˈprɒvɪns/

    Tỉnh thành

    Vietnam has 63 provinces.

    11

    destination

    /ˌdestɪˈneɪʃn/

    Điểm đến

    We will arrive at our destination in 1 hour.

    12

    airfare

    /ˈeəfeə(r)/

    Giá vé máy bay

    The airfare of this season is very low.

    13

    discount

    /ˈdɪskaʊnt/

    Giảm giá

    The store offers 50% discount for every item.

    14

    host

    /həʊst/

    Chủ nhà

    Our host was very lovely and welcoming.

    Verbs

           

    1

    attempt

    /əˈtempt/

    Cố gắng, thử

    He attempted to fix his mistake.

    2

    seek

    /siːk/

    Tìm kiếm

    He is still seeking the truth about what really happened.

    3

    respect

    /rɪˈspekt/

    Tôn trọng

    Even though I disagree with your idea, I respect it.

    4

    entertain

    /entəˈteɪn/

    Giải trí

    She entertained us with a beautiful song.

    5

    attract

    /əˈtrækt/

    Thu hút

    He attracts the attention of many people with his weird clothes.

    6

    book/reserve

    /bʊk/ /rɪˈzɜːv/

    Đặt trước

    You should book/reserve a hotel room before going.

    7

    adapt (to)

    /əˈdæpt/

    Thích nghi với

    It takes time to adapt to a new environment.

    8

    explore

    /ɪkˈsplɔː(r)/

    Khám phá

    Let's explore the island together.

    Adjectives

           

    1

    promising

    /ˈprɒmɪsɪŋ/

    Đầy hứa hẹn

    The future of the company is very promising.

    2

    exotic

    /ɪɡˈzɒtɪk/

    Ngoại lai

    Trading of exotic animals must be banned.

    3

    ecological

    /iːkəˈlɒdʒɪkl/

    Thuộc về sinh thái

    There have been many ecological disasters in this country.

    4

    mysterious

    /mɪˈstɪəriəs/

    Huyền bí

    The mysterious man suddenly vanished.

    5

    beneficial

    /benɪˈfɪʃl/

    Có lợi ích

    Eating fruits is beneficial to our health.

    Phrases

           

    1

    clean up

    /kliːn ʌp/

    Dọn dẹp

    We volunteered to clean up the nearby beach.

    2

    tree branch

    /triː brɑːntʃ/

    Cành cây

    I stumbled on a tree branch and fell.

    3

    coffee plantation

    /ˈkɒfi /plɑːnˈteɪʃn/

    Đồn điền cà phê

    This coffee plantation produces the best coffee beans in the world.

    4

    travel agency

    /ˈtrævl eɪdʒənt/

    Đại lý du lịch, công ty lữ hành

    Let's book a tour through a travel agency.

    5

    coral reef

    /ˈkɒrəl riːf/

    Rặng san hô

    The coral reefs are home to many sea creatures.

    6

    travel brochure

    /ˈtrævl ˈbrəʊʃə(r)/

    Sách hướng dẫn du lịch

    Please refer to the travel brochure for more information.

    II. BÀI TẬP

    Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

    1. A. brochure        B. challenge       C. branch             D. Dutch
    2. A. gadget              B. agent              C. geography        D. baggage
    3. A. mysterious       B. economy         C. hyperactive     D. theory
    4. A. reef                    B. peer                 C. seek                  D. heel
    5. A. monthly            B. although         C. southern          D. another
    6. A. laughed           B. hoped              C. trusted              D. booked
    7. A. matches            B. dishes             C. sunglasses       D. species
    8. A. knowledge  B. kangaroo        C. knight             D. knee

    Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

    1. A. brochure         B. tourist             C. travelling         D. attempt
    2. A. discount            B. respect            C. environment D. develop
    3. A. local                   B. service            C. reserve            D. holiday
    4. A. condition       B. company       C. tradition          D. support
    5. A. wildlife              B. society           C. responsible    D. economy
    6. A. consequence   B. passenger      C. palace              D. recycle
    7. A. quantity           B. activity           C. financial           D.  inform
    8. A. rescue             B. simple             C. research           D. waterfall

    Ex III: Odd one out

    1. A. tourist               B. reporter           C. architect        D. nature                  
    2. A. exotic              B. exclude            C. exciting           D. exhausted
    3. A. mysterious     B. ecology           C. adventurous   D. thrilling
    4. A. destination       B. departure      C. promising       D. brochure
    5. A. insurance  B. motivate  C. airfare        D. accommodation
    6. A. damage           B. delivery          C. destroy            D. decrease
    7. A. sustainable    B. ecological         C. environment  D. responsible
    8. A. benefit             B. education        C. industry           D. economy

    Ex IV:  Circle the best word

    1. Cutting down trees or hunting wild animals may encourage/damage the ecological balance of the local area.
    2. Quite a lot of waste from hotels and vehicles is also discharged/released into the water and air.
    3. Tour guides and travel brochures should educate tourists about the protection of the natural /wildlife environment.
    4. Ecotourism is also about building/making a culture of environmental respect and protection while providing positive experiences to visitors and hosts. 
    5. Ecotourism may help protect sensitive environment locations and lift/raise awareness on local environment and social delicate issues. 
    6. An ecotourism holiday is done/made on a smaller scale compared to commercial mass tourism and is intended to be low impact.
    7. Eco tourists can directly motivate/benefit the local people by staying in their homes and studying local traditions. 
    8. We can help communities by building cultural awareness and spreading/extending the word through media.

    Ex V:  Match the words in column A with those in column B

    A

     

    B

    1.go

     

    a. an ostrich

    2.watch

     

    b. the music festival

    3.eat 

     

    c. biking in the forest

    4.ride 

     

    d. a table for 4 people at a local restaurant

    5.visit 

     

    e. a boat to see bats hanging on trees

    6.attend 

     

    f. local food

    7.buy 

     

    g. a campfire

    8.take 

     

    h.an old house

    9.book 

     

    i. birds at sunrise

    10.make 

     

    j. some handicrafts at a village market

    11.wear 

     

    k. rubbish into the sea

    12.throw

     

    l. sandals

     

    Ex VI:  Write the correct word form

    Nouns

    Verbs

    Adjectives

     

    1……………….

     

    sustain

     

    ……………………………

     

    2.difference

     

    ……………………………..

     

    ……………………………

     

    3……………………………

     

     

    ecological

     

    4.finance

     

     

    ………………………………..

     

    5. …………………………….

     

    develop

     

     

     

    6………………………………

     

     

    environmental

     

    7……………………………….

     

    relax

     

    …………………………..

     

    8.industry

     

    …………………………………

     

    …………………………..

     

    9. …………………………..

     

    depart

     

     

    10………………………………

     

    ……………………………….

     

    entertaining

     

    Ex VII:  Choose best answer

    1. Our group decided to ……………………the five-day tour as we could get some discount and stay in a less expensive hotel by the sea.

    A. do                          B. take                       C. use                         D. make

    2. When you take part in an eco tour, you have a chance to learn about the cultural traditions of the local people and the natural……………of some rare animals.

    A. world                    B. view                      C. environment       D. habitat

    3. Mass ecotourism may cause some serious problems such as pollution, water………………or an increase of waste.

    A. shortage              B. run out                 C. lack                        D. loss

    4. In order to …………….tourists, we have to change our way of life and our usual foods to suit their tastes or adapt dances and traditions.

    A. challenge             B. entertain              C. confuse                D. encourage

    5. The group can ………………..the mysterious hiking paths in the forests, watch the birds, and look at the beautiful plants.

    A. explore                 B. go                           C. enjoy                     D. discover  

    6. A wide range of interesting activities designed to ………………..more tourists to the local site.

    A. interest                B. attract                  C. increase               D. motivate

    7. As a consequence, ecotourism  has……………….more jobs for the local people and their lives can become much better than in the past.

    A. taken                    B. designed              C. encouraged         D. provided

    8. During my two-day trip to the forest last summer, I could watch some strange birds, see crocodiles…………………..for food and bats hanging on the trees.

    A. making                 B. running                 C. hunting                 D. looking

     

    Ex VIII: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

    1. Eco tours involve travelling to areas of natural or ……………………interest to observe wildlife and learn more about the environment. (ECOLOGY)
    2. Ecotourism can be ……………………..to local people as it brings them more job opportunities and economic growth. (BENEFIT)
    3. In some national parts, tourists are not fully aware of ……………………protection because they throw rubbish or break tree branches.  (ENVIRONMENT)
    4. Ecotourism is tourism which is conducted …………………….to conserve the environment and sustain the well-being of local people. (RESPONSIBILITY)
    5. Eco tourists recycle used …………..…..and clean up the beach, which makes their trips environmentally and socially responsible. (PRODUCE)
    6. Ecotourism works on the principle of helping local people reduce poverty and become…………………..(DEPEND)
    7. A number of countries identified ecotourism as an important platform for achieving both conservation and ……………………….goals. (DEVELOP)
    8. One of the main goals of ecotourism is to improve awareness of what’s going on, both ……………………and socially. (ENVIRONMENT)

    Ex X:  Fill in the gap with a suitable word given in the box

    arrangements

    opportunities

    resources

    awareness

    projects

    source

    industry

    priorities

    accommodation

    long-term

     

    1. Such travelling can be created thanks to an international network of individuals, institutions and the tourism…………………..
    2. There is a greater …………..about the need to protect the environment and desire to contribute towards this cause. 
    3. We are happy to know that our tourism has generated income………………for the local people.
    4. Ecotourism usually means travelers make their own travel …………..while mass tourism relies on a greater number of travel agents and tour operators.
    5. Small groups and …………….stays are also common in ecotourism travellers while mass tourism often relies on large groups staying for short time periods.
    6. Tour operators and …………………..providers act as responsibly as possible, ensuring the protection of flora and fauna in the local area.
    7. Tourists avoid travelling on a cruise ship as it is a great ……………of air and water pollution.
    8. There are many activities or……………………..that eco tourists can take part in to protect the local environment
    9. Large hotel chains and big resorts put the comfort of their guests and cost-cutting at the top of their ………………..
    10. With the growing problems associated with global warming and depleting …………………, it’s more important to reduce our footprint in any way we can. 

    Ex XI:  Match the words with their meanings

    1.ecotourism

     

    a.an amount of money that is take off the usual cost of something

    2.brochure

     

    b. change your behavior in order to deal more successfully with a new situation

    3.ecology

     

    c. a small magazine or book containing pictures and information about something or advertising something

    4.discount

     

    d. involving the use of natural products and energy in a way that does not harm the environment

    5.wildlife

     

    e. the natural world in which people, plants, animals live

    6.sustainable

     

    f. the relation of plant and living creatures to each other and to their environment 

    7.adapt

     

    g. organized holidays that are designed so that tourists damage the environment as little as possible, especially when some of their money is used to protect the local environment and animals

    8.environment

     

    h. animals, birds or insects that are wild and live in a natural environment

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