Sách giáo khoa - Lớp 10

    Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 - Unit 1: Family life ( Cuộc sống gia đình)

    Tổng hợp Từ vựng tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 1: Family life ( Cuộc sống gia đình) đầy đủ phiên âm và ví dụ, giúp học sinh lớp 10 học tiếng Anh tốt nhất nhé 

    I. Từ vựng Unit 1: Family life ( Cuộc sống gia đình) 

    Chủ đề Family life

    STT

    Từ vựng

    Phiên âm

    Dịch

    Ví dụ

    Nouns

           

    1

    individual

    /ɪndɪˈvɪdʒuəl/

    Cá nhân

    Each individual has a role to play in society.

    2

    recreation

    /riːkriˈeɪʃn/

    Giải trí

    What do you do for recreation?

    3

    role

    /rəʊl/

    Vai trò

    Both parents play an important role in raising children.

    4

    benefit

    /ˈbenɪfɪt/

    Lợi ích

    There are many benefits of waking up early.

    5

    relationship

    /rɪˈleɪʃnʃɪp/

    Mối quan hệ

    He has a strong relationship with his father.

    6

    grocery

    /ˈɡrəʊsəri/

    Tạp hoá, cửa hàng tạp hoá

    Do you want to go to the grocery store with me?

    7

    housework

    /ˈhaʊswɜːk/

    Việc nhà

    Mom asked me to help her with housework.

    8

    responsibility

    /rɪspɒnsəˈbɪləti/

    Trách nhiệm

    It is my responsibility to do the dishes everyday.

    9

    burden

    /ˈbɜːdn/

    Gánh nặng

    Raising children alone can be a heavy burden.

    10

    solution

    /səˈluːʃn/

    Giải pháp

    His solution was not good enough.

    Verbs

           

    1

    mend

    /mend/

    Sửa chữa

    Can you help me mend my bike?

    2

    split

    /splɪt/

    Phân chia

    The teacher split the class into 2 teams

    3

    balance

    /ˈbæləns/

    Cân bằng

    You must balance between work and life.

    4

    contribute (to)

    /kənˈtrɪbjuːt/

    Có đóng góp

    The government asks companies to contribute more to society.

    5

    handle

    /ˈhændl/

    Giải quyết

    Let me handle the hard work.

    6

    divide

    /dɪˈvaɪd/

    Phân chia

    We can divide the cake into 6 pieces.

    7

    provide

    /prəˈvaɪd/

    Cung cấp

    She provides us with enough information.

    8

    feed

    /fiːd/

    Cho ăn

    She works 3 jobs to feed the children.

    Adjectives

           

    1

    mental

    /ˈmentl/

    Thuộc về tinh thần

    My mental health is not great at the moment.

    2

    financial

    /faɪˈnænʃl/

    Thuộc về tài chính

    We are having some financial issues.

    3

    equal

    /ˈiːkwəl/

    Đều nhau

    The workers demand equal pay.

    4

    responsible (for)

    /rɪˈspɒnsəbl/

    Chịu trách nhiệm

    He was responsible for the accident.

    5

    physical

    /ˈfɪzɪkl/

    Thuộc về thể chất

    Physical exercises are useful for our health.

    6

    traditional

    /trəˈdɪʃənl/

    Thuộc về truyền thống

    Her family is very traditional.

    Phrases

           

    7

    household chores

    /ˈhaʊshəʊld tʃɔː(r)z/

    Việc nhà

    I think household chores are tedious.

    8

    breadwinner

    /ˈbredwɪnə(r)/

    Trụ cột gia đình

    He is the breadwinner of the family.

    9

    lay the table

    /leɪ ðə ˈteɪbl/

    Dọn bàn

    I lay the table every day before dinner.

    10

    do the washing- up

    /duː ðəˈwɒʃɪŋʌp/

    Giặt giũ

    She was in the kitchen doing the washing-up.

    11

    household finances

    /ˈhaʊshəʊld /ˈfaɪnænsɪs/

    Kinh tế gia đình

    The course helps you manage household finances.

    12

    prepare meals

    /prɪˈpeə(r) miːlz/

    Chuẩn bị bữa ăn

    I always prepare my own meals.

    13

    earn money

    /ɜːn ˈmʌni/

    Kiếm tiền

    I need to earn money to pay for college.

    14

    raise children

    /reɪz ˈtʃɪldrən/

    Nuôi con

    It's necessary to raise children well.

    15

    clean the house

    /kliːn ðə haʊs/

    Lau nhà

    We spent the weekend cleaning the house.

    16

    do the laundry

    /duː ðə ˈlɔːndri/

    Giặt là

    It is my turn to do the laundry.

    17

    take out the rubbish

    /teɪk aʊt ðə ˈrʌbɪʃ/

    Đổ rác

    He asked his son to take out the rubbish.

    18

    homemaker

    /ˈhəʊmmeɪkə(r)/

    Người nội trợ

    She quits her job to become a homemaker.

    19

    do the heavy lifting

    /duː ðə ˈhevi lɪftɪŋ/

    Làm việc nặng

    He does the heavy lifting in the family.

    20

    join hands

    /dʒɔɪn hændz /

    Chung tay

    We usually join hands to clean up after dinner.

    21

    routine task

    /ruːˈtiːn tɑːsk/

    Công việc hàng ngày

    Washing the dishes has become my routine task.

    22

    wash the dishes

    /wɒʃ ðə dɪʃɪs/

    Rửa bát đĩa

    23

    take care of

    /teɪk keə(r) əv/

    Chăm sóc

    We took care of the house while mom was away.

    24

    sweep the house

    /swiːpðə haʊs/

    Quét nhà

    I swept the house this morning.

    25

    share the household duties

    /ʃeə(r) ðə ˈhaʊshəʊld ˈdjuːti/

    Chia sẻ việc nhà

    My brother and I share the household duties.

    26

    study for exams

    ˈstʌdi fə(r) ɪɡˈzæmz/

    Học ôn thi

    We need to study for exams.

    II. Bài tập vận dụng Unit 1: Family life ( Cuộc sống gia đình) 

    Ex I: Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined

    • A. finances B. dishes           C. watches    D. groceries
    • A. prepare       B. benefit             C. equally              D. relationship
    • A. angry              B. language          C. giant                 D. arrange
    • A. solution        B. responsible      C. raise                D. enormous
    • A. winner         B. writer              C. wishes            D. women
    • A. beauty         B. physical        C. willingly          D. nylon
    • A. culture          B. uniform          C. lucky               D. husband
    • A. protected       B. translated       C. behaved         D. needed
    • A. clothing      B. together        C. father               D. thought
    • A. school          B.good                   C. book               D. hook

     

    Ex II: Circle the word with a different stress pattern from the others

    • A. housework      B. laundry            C. divide                  D. equally
    • A. manage          B. together          C. family                 D. benefit
    • A. physical          B. usually             C. different           D. require
    • A. heavy              B. example          C. repeat               D. provide
    • A. duty               B. routine             C. mother              D. children
    • A. exam             B. program          C. urgent               D. moment
    • A. similar             B. result                C. extend               D. discussion
    • A. dangerous     B. burden             C. responsible        D. question

     

    Ex III: Odd one out 

    • A. provide        B. require               C. split                   D. mental
    • A. divide             B. action                 C. housework      D. meal
    • A. financial        B. culture                C. physical             D. interesting
    • A. enormous       B. relation           C. duty                  D. role
    • A. relative           B. member         C. stranger            D. handle
    • A. solution           B. contribute      C. recreation       D. burden
    • A. become          B. balance             C. traditional       D. consider
    • A. strength          B. exchange        C. laundry             D. finance

     

    Ex IV: Circle the best word

    1. My mother always takes good care of the family and makes/does household tasks quickly.
    2. Alex’s brother is responsible for lifting/making heavy things and repairing the water pipes.
    3. When he was young, he had to take/earn a living by selling old books.
    4. Choosing a good place to live is not an easy decision to make/do for everyone.
    5. Breadwinner/homemaker is the person who supports the family with the money he earns.
    6. Parents should think/consider the age and health condition before giving small children some simple household task to do.
    7. It is the duty/role of the young people to take care of their elderly parents.
    8. Both husbands and wives should give/join hands to contribute to the family and make it happy.
    9. Should women in the 21st century share/create the household financial burden with their husbands?

    Ex V: Match the verbs in column A with those in column B

    A

     

    B

    1. prepare

    a. household chores equally

    2. share

    b. the rubbish

    3. divide

    c. the household duties

    4. clean

    d. a lot of money

    5. do

    e. flowers

    6. take out

    f. the house

    7. raise

    g. the dishes

    8. earn

    i. an appointment

    9. wash

    j. the children

    11. arrange

    k. meals

    12. make

    l. the table

    13. lay

    m. the heavy lifting

     

    Ex VI: Choose the best answer

    1. I’m ……………..I can’t go with you now because I am studying for my exams tomorrow.

     A.sad

    B. afraid

    C. tired

    D. pity

    2. Husbands and wives should ………………household chores equally in the family so that they can share these tasks.

      A. divide

    B. take

    C. do

    D. make

    3. Can you ……………..the laundry when I prepare the dinner tonight?

     A. take

    B. wash

    C. take

    D. do

    4. My mother takes care of the family while my father is ……………….for the household finances.

     A. good

    B. willing

    C. responsible

    D. benefit

    5. Homemaker is the person who ………………….the home and often raises children instead of earning money from a job.

    A. builds

    B. manages

    C. keeps

    D. protects

    6. There are ………………benefits that come to a family when husbands and children share the housework.

     A. big

    B. large

    C. enormous

    D. plenty

    7. Children can learn good skills and they can ……………..responsible people when doing the housework.

      A.make

    B. become

    C. turn

    D. change

    8. When people work together on household chores, it ……………….joyful atmosphere for the family.

     A. is

    B. has 

    C. opens

    D. creates

    Ex VII: Write the words below in the correct column

    crocodile, tractor, brick, ice cream, triangle, brilliant, traveller, brown, control, crazy, trousers, brave, truck, brand new, crayon, trick, branch, trainer, crown, trumpet, bring, crash, treasure

     

    /tr/

    /kr/

    /br/

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Ex VIII: Match the words in the box with their meanings

     

    emotion

    entertainment

    finance

    chore

    physical

    homemaker

    contribute

    status

     

    1.   a task that you do regularly
    2.   connected with a person’s body rather than their mind
    3.     money used to run a business, an activity or a project
    4.   a person, especially a woman who manages a home and takes care of the house and family
    5.   films, music,…etc used to entertain people 
    6.     legal position of a person, a group or a country
    7.   to give something, especially money or goods, to help achieve or provide something
    8.   a strong feeling such as love, fear or anger

    Ex IX: Fill in the gap with a suitable word/phrase given

    splitting

    position

    vacuum the floor

    involved

    technology

    generally

    contribute

    share

     

    1. What may happen to women whose husbands do not …………………to the household chores?
    2. With some efforts in setting clearer rules, parents can get their children ……………….in the household duties.
    3. ………………….chores is also a good way to maintain peace and harmony within your family.
    4. My mother always shops for groceries, cook meals wash the dishes, …………………..and I can help her to take out the garbage and do the laundry.
    5. To make sure all the members ……………….part of the house chores, parents can make a calendar.
    6. Thanks to the development of…………………, many mechanized labor-saving devices can help housewives keep the house clean and tidy.
    7. A family role is the …………………one has within the family household.
    8. Women ……………….live longer than men as they take better care of their health.

    Ex X: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets

    1.……………………family which consists of three or more generations is still very popular in Vietnam nowadays. (EXTEND)

    1. My dad is ………………..for doing the heavy things and mending thins around the house. (RESPONSIBILITY)
    2. The baby cries because her sister doesn’t split the cake……………………(EQUAL)
    3. The company has ……………………..a wide range of good products for the local citizens. (PROVISION)
    4. …………………….., husbands go out to work to support the family finance whereas wives stay at home and take care of the children. (TRADITION)
    5. A person is considered …………………….if he or she does not take good care of his or her parents. (GRATEFUL)
    6. Young people should also learn to respect and take care of their ……………….parents. (OLD)
    7. His uncle is such a busy man that he has not tome for rest and ……………….(RELAX)

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